trisodium phosphate used in detergents cost italy

  • Detergent phosphates and detergent ecotaxes: a - Semantic Scholar

    2.1 The alternatives to phosphate use as a builder in detergents. 7. 3. Detergent Countries such as Italy, where blooms are still a major problem and there large proportion of taxpayers will be facing extra costs . Sodium citrate. Sodium  

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  • phosphates and alternative detergent builders - European

    Where STPP is used as builder in detergents it contributes to up to 50 % of soluble 1990 in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Switzerland, and is now . Zeolite A was shown to be a cost-effective alternative, both in terms of .. detergents may contain phosphorus, present as sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP).

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  • Zeolites for Detergents

    Market shares of phosphate-free powder detergents in Europe (1998) fig.13. European The pressure of increasing costs and competition is forcing manufacturers to seek favourably 300,000 t of synthetic zeolites are being used annually in alytic and . contained were sodium carbonate and sodium silie. From the 

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  • assessment of the levels of phosphate in detergents samples

    6 Nov 2014 The excessive use of phosphate as water softeners is criticized . The builders in detergents are usually sodium phosphate (poly phosphate) of the type Algae removal also increases filtration costs for industries using Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, USA, Canada and Japan14.

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  • detergent phosphorus in south africa: impact on eutrophiion with

    South African detergent industry investigates and tests cost effective substitutes for phosphate Land use practices in the upper subchments (Midmar, Albert Falls and Nagle) are .. Table 4.2: Sodium-tripolyphosphate (STPP) content and Finland. Italy. Norway. Japan (Shiga and Tokyo). Japan. Venezuela. Canada.

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  • Detergent Phosphorus in South Africa - CiteSeerX

    that the costs associated with proscribing detergent phosphorus outweighed the detergent phosphorus in Switzerland and Italy to less than 1 % [Bressan, 1987]. . Sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP) has been used in detergent formulations 

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  • Phosphates in detergent - Wikipedia

    Phosphates in detergent refers to the use of phosphates as an ingredient in a detergent product Italy started phasing out phosphates in the 1980s. Sodium tripolyphosphate was an excellent builder used in laundry detergent powders. Detergent companies claimed it is not cost effective to make separate batches of  

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  • assessment of the levels of phosphate in detergents samples

    6 Nov 2014 The excessive use of phosphate as water softeners is criticized . The builders in detergents are usually sodium phosphate (poly phosphate) of the type Algae removal also increases filtration costs for industries using Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, USA, Canada and Japan14.

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  • Information about Soaps and Detergents | Healthy Cleaning 101

    The common alkalis used in soap-making are sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also called . Italy, Spain and France were early centres of soap manufacturing, due to their ready Solvay's process further reduced the cost of obtaining this alkali, and Phosphate compounds used as builders in these detergents vastly improved 

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  • Procter Gamble touts 'win-win' of cutting phosphates in all laundry

    27 Jan 2014 The phosphate used in most powdered detergents is sodium "They (PG) may be doing it as much for cost of the phosphate as an additive 

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  • assessing the awareness of the effect of phosphates on the

    The issue of the use of phosphate in detergent has become a In response to this debate, countries such as the USA, Germany, Italy and Switzerland implemented Replacements such as Zeolite A and Sodium Tripolyphosphate ( STPP), were recommended. The cost impliions of the phase out for key stakeholders e.

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  • years Timeline - Henkel

    27 Jun 2019 used as a soap sub stitute during the .. England and Italy. Gottlieb Voith (d. .. detergents cost 10 or. 15 pfennigs). sodium phosphate. The.

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  • Economic Analysis of Phosphate Control: Detergent Pho - Science

    17 Nov 1980 Costs to producers of both hou~ehold laundry det~rgent products and sodium tripolyphosphate (the major phosphate component in detergents) 

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  • Synthetic Detergents and Cleaning Products in the CIS and Baltic

    The composition of the synthetic detergents, raw materials used in the .. Domestic prices for cleaning products and detergents in Russia in Liquid formulations preferably use trisodium phosphate, chlorinated sodium . Italy, HENKEL.

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  • Soap, Fatty Acids, and Synthetic Detergents | SpringerLink

    26 Aug 2015 Fatty Alcohol Iodine Value Laundry Detergent Synthetic Detergent Alcohol Ethoxylates and use of palm kernel oil and palm kernel olein as cost-effective alternatives to . (Courtesy G. Mazzoni S.p.A., Busto Arsizio, Italy) sodium trimetaphosphate, trisodium and tripotassium phosphates, and sodium 

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  • (1996) (PDF) - EPA

    Manufacturers competed primarily on performance, cost, and environmental attributes. and sodium, the most common phosphate used by the detergent industry was sodium .. Regions of France, Germany and Italy enacted strict local bans.

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  • EU Ecolabel for Laundry Detergents and detergents for - BEUC

    13 Oct 2011 dishwasher detergents for special machines used in food We are in favour of banning phosphate and other phosphorous chemical precipitation will be needed and the cost for running the waste water Most western European nations, including the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium and the.

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  • PHOSPHATES - Trisodium Phosphate Crystals Wholesale Supplier

    Approx. Price: Rs 42 / KilogramGet Latest Price It is highly soluble in water and used in detergents and cleaning formulations. The pH of a Uses: Trisodium Phosphate is used as a Cleaning Agent, Food additive, Stain remover, Degreaser. . Israel+972. Italy+39. Jamaica+1-876. Japan+81. Jordan+962. Kazakhstan+7.

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  • phosphates and alternative detergent builders - European

    Where STPP is used as builder in detergents it contributes to up to 50 % of soluble 1990 in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Switzerland, and is now . Zeolite A was shown to be a cost-effective alternative, both in terms of .. detergents may contain phosphorus, present as sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP).

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  • Laundry detergent - Wikiwand

    The Italians used a mix of sulfur and water with charcoal to clean cloth. Since the 1930s, phosphates (sodium phosphates) and polyphosphates Zwitterionic surfactants are rarely employed in laundry detergents mainly for cost reasons.

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